His Holiness the Dalai Lama

Request to establish ethics for Artificial Intelligence and the Globe

I, Dr. Tamanna Khosla (India) along with Dr. Dan Smith (USA) would like to share a tool to define global ethics for world peace. A global ethic can be defined as an ethical or moral viewpoint according to which there are significant ethical relations between states and between individuals living in divergent cultures. Such an ethic generally combines claims about the existence of some universal values and norms and claims about responsibilities or obligations that are global in scope. We know that you too have been actively engaged in this mission of global ethics.

Global ethics is an area of critical ethical enquiry into the nature and justification of values and norms that are global in kind and into the various issues that arise, such as world poverty and international aid, environmental problems, peace and security, intervention, and human rights. Although someone interested in global ethics as an area of philosophical enquiry could be skeptical about the acceptability of a global ethic because of the debate on cultural relativism, generally an interest in it, stems from a desire to defend and articulate some form of global ethic. Apart from the question “Should we accept a global ethic?” The answer would surely be: yes, we need to accept a global ethic; yes, without the acceptance of some form of global ethic by a large number of agents the goals are not likely to be achieved; but, given that there can be different global ethics and different understanding of the goals, some global ethics will be more successful than others.

The short answer is simple: the goals of United Nations (U.N.) declarations and most international agencies, are global goals. Human needs are to be met everywhere; socioeconomic and technological progress are to occur everywhere; it is the global environment that needs protecting; it is really, parallel to global security, global sustainable development that is the target (or at least the win-win scenario of the sustainable development of all countries simultaneously being achieved).

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND ETHICS

The new interconnected digital world is delivering great potential and rapid gains in the power of Artificial Intelligence to better society. Innovation and implementation of AI are already making an impact on improving services from healthcare, education, and transportation to the food supply chain, energy, and environmental management plans, to mention just a few. With the rapid advancements in computing power and access to vast amounts of big data, Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning systems will continue to improve and evolve.

As always, with great power comes great responsibility. Despite the advantages and benefits that technologies such as Artificial Intelligence bring to the world, they may potentially cause irreparable harm to humans and society if they are misused or poorly designed. The development of AI systems must always be responsible and developed toward optimal sustainability for public benefit

AI ethics and safety must be a priority in the design and implementation of AI systems. AI Ethics emerges to avoid individual and societal harms caused by the misuse, abuse, poor design, or unintended negative consequences of AI systems. In some cases, machine learning models may generate their results by operating on high-dimensional correlations that are beyond the interpretive capabilities of human reasoning.

These are cases in which the rationale of algorithmically produced outcomes that directly affect decision subjects may remain opaque to those subjects. In some use cases, this lack of explainability may be a cause of much trouble.

However, in applications where the processed data could harbor traces of discrimination, bias, inequity, or unfairness, the lack of clarity of the model may be deeply problematic.

Since the times of Greek philosopher Plato, well-ordered and cohesive societies have built on relations of human trust, empathy, and mutual understanding. As Artificial Intelligence technologies become more prevalent, it is paramount that these relations of human trust, or empathy, or mutual understanding remain intact.

NEED FOR HHDL IN THE PRESENT CENTURY

His Holiness, we request your kind attention. This is a new challenge with new tools to help us establish ethics for both artificial intelligence and globe.

Dr. Tamanna Khosla